Shampoos are cleaning formulations used for a wide range of applications, including personalcare, pet use, and carpets. Most are manufactured in roughly the same manner. They arecomposed primarily of chemicals called surfactants that have the special ability to surround oilymaterials on surfaces and allow them to be rinsed away by water. Most commonly, shampoos areused for personal care, especially for washing the hair. New shampoos are initially created bycosmetic chemists in the laboratory. These scientists begin by determining what characteristicsthe shampoo formula will have. They must decide on aesthetic features such as how thick itshould be, what color it will be, and what it will smell like. They also consider performanceattributes, such as how well it cleans, what the foam looks like, and how irritating it will be.Consumer testing often helps determine what these characteristics should be. Once the featuresof the shampoo are identified, a formula is created in the laboratory. These initial batches aremade in small beakers using various ingredients. In the personal care industry, nearly all of theingredients that can be used are classified by the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association(CTFA) in the governmentally approved collection known as the International Nomenclature ofCosmetic Ingredients (INCI). The more important ingredients in shampoo formulations arewater, detergents, foam boosters, thickeners, conditioning agents, preservatives, modifiers, andspecial additives. The primary ingredient in all shampoos is water, typically making up about 70-80% of the entire formula. Deionized water, which is specially treated to remove variousparticles and ions, is used in shampoos. The source of the water can be underground wells, lakes,or rivers. The next most abundant ingredients in shampoos are the primary detergents. Thesematerials, also known as surfactants, are the cleansing ingredients in shampoos. Surfactants aresurface active ingredients, meaning they can interact with a surface. The chemical nature of asurfactant allows it to surround and trap oily materials from surfaces. One portion of themolecule is oil compatible (soluble) while the other is water soluble. When a shampoo is appliedto hair or textiles, the oil soluble portion aligns with the oily materials while the water solubleportion aligns in the water layer. When a number of surfactant molecules line up like this, theyform a structure known as a micelle. This micelle has oil trapped in the middle and can bewashed away with water, thus giving the shampoo its cleansing power. To manufacture any ofthese products, a license has to be obtain from a licensing authority appointed by stategovernment. The cost of a shampoo manufacturing cost differs on a lot of factors likeproduction output, features and scale of operation. The cost of a plant will range from as low asRs. 1 lac per unit depending on the production and type of plant you buy. The largest segment forths entire industry is women . This product is both for women and men but mainly this product isdesigned for women because women want to look preety.