Schools in India come under the Non-Profit Organizations and are registered under the section 8 of the Companies Act 2013. One can also open a school under the Societies Act of 1860. Opening a school in India depends on various laws regulated both by the central and the state government. It also depends where you are starting your school and which board of education you are adopting.
Prepare a Blueprint
There are various factors involved in the opening of a school in India. The first important point is that there are various levels of categorizations on which a school is opened. One can open a play school or from class 1st to 5th or from 1st to 8th, or from class 1st to class 10th or class 12th. If the class exceeds up to 9-12th then you require your school to be registered from a certain board operating in India. Opening a school also depends on the place where you are starting your school. If you are opening your school in metro cities then there are different rules whereas opening school in towns or rural areas require different categorization.
Requirement of Land for Starting a School
If you are planning to open up a school then you definitely need a good space. Requirement of land depends on two factors. The first factor is the status of the place where you want to open the school. For example, the minimum requirement for opening a school in metropolitan city is different from that of a town or rural area. The second factor is the board through which your school is affiliated. There are basically 4 boards that majorly operate in India. They are:
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
- Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (ISC/ICSE)
- International Board (IB)
- State Boards of 29 States in India
Requirement of Land Based on Place and Board: CBSE Board
- In a Metropolitan City: If you want to open up a school in cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai or Bangalore then you need to have a minimum requirement of 1 Acre land or 4000 sq. meter of land for operating school from pre-primary to class 12th. For operating school from pre-primary to class 10th you need to have at least half an acre of land or 2000 sq. meters of land.
- City with the Population of more than 15 Lakhs: From Pre-primary to class 12th a minimum requirement of 1 acres of land or 2047 sq. meters of land
- Other Cities: A minimum of 1.5 acres of land is required to run a school in small cities based on CBSE norms.
CBSE also caters a category level for schools like A+, A and B category schools. An A+ category schools should have permanent affiliation with land area not less than 2 acres.
Requirement of Land Based on Place and Board: CISCE
For a school affiliated to CISCE, a minimum requirement of 2000 sq. meter of land is necessary with each classroom to be not less than 400 sq. feet in size.
State boards have their own requirement which can be read on their respective websites.
Construction of School Building
Based on the board guidelines school building should be constructed. Like a minimum class size should be of 400 sq. feet with a library, arts room, amphitheater, science lab, computer lab, stage, playground, etc.
Starting a School and NOC
After the construction of school building is over now it is time to open the school. For this there are various processes through which one has to go for starting the school. The first requirement is to get a Non objection certificate from the state government. Only after getting an NOC you can open your school. Many schools are operating in India without NOC and one should avoid going by that method as at the time of applying for affiliation you will be asked for NOC.
For getting NOC you need to visit State education department. The method is transparent and it requires some basic documents like land details, land size, budget, etc
Affiliation to board
A minimum of one year of operation you will get affiliation from CBSE and CISCE while for IB it is 3 years. Before you can open the school from pre-primary to class 8th. After one year year of minimum operations you will get the affiliation from respective boards because these board’s also have their own rules and parameters based on which they grant permission like land size, classroom, playground, number of teachers, teachers qualifications, ERF account, and other criteria mentioned in the board’s guideline
Setting up of EPF for Your Staff
A school with more than 19 staffs should have a must EPF account. Nowadays every school wants their staffs to have a bank account where monthly salary is transferred. CISCE board also requires a mandatory condition of having EPF account of each staff for affiliation process.
Admission of Students and Parameters
Nowadays students admit in schools through a test which is conducted by the school administration. The board also gives a standard which must be followed to admit students. Not more than 45 students are there in each classroom. Parameters like a definite school uniform, syllabus, exams, school curriculum, rules and regulation must be set up and followed.
One can decide the fees based on your expense and location of your school. Based on the per capita income in the region you can determine the school fees. Private schools in metropolitan cities charge huge amount of money per months from students whereas public schools have less demand. It is necessary to determine the fees after taking advice from learned management graduates.
Cost of Starting a School in India
If you are planning to start a pre-nursery school then cost will be quite less. For a well structure affiliated school, startup cost estimation is at least 2 crores a minimum sum to start your school and it can go further based on the place, living standard, etc. Setting up a standard school will have its own implications like money spent in smart classes, arranging furniture, gadgets, computer, maintenance, and other requirements.
Running a school requires a good investment of time. It will take at least 2-3 years to build a school and start it. And 4-5 years to get a NOC and affiliation. Huge capital investment pushes the return on investment time further. Only after few years of operation one can accept any profit.
Running a school is a challenging job which requires investment of time, resources, capital and human labor. But it has its own advantages because you are serving the society by imparting education, employing people, nourishing new minds and after all getting decent return.
This is a long process which usually takes a couple of years. It is a legal process come into play with regard to starting a school. When school trust is being formed, there should be memorandum of association. This document proves to be useful at all the later stage.
The following details are regarded as being important for opening a school.
Name of license
- Registration Certificate of Society – Societies Recognition Act, 1860,
- Essentiality Certificate DoE,
- Certificate of Recognition MCD/ DoE,
- Certificate of Up gradation DoE,
- Certificate of Affiliation CBSE,
- Certificate of MCD,
- Affidavit regarding proper purchase of land and no violation of master plan in the land used,
- MCD/Development Authority of the Concerned State,
- Site Plan of the Building/Sanctioned Building Plan approved by MCD/DDA,
- Building Fitness Certificate MCD,
- Health Certificate MCD,
- Water Testing Report The water board of the concerned state,
- Completion Certificate DDA,
- Duly approved Scheme of Management DoE,
- No Loan Certificate against FD issued by the bank,
- Land Use Permitted Certificate (in case of rented land) Land
|TYPE OF SCHOOL||FUNDING REQUIRE|
|Play school||6-8 lakhs|
|Primary school||8-10 lakhs|
|10+2 school||Up to 2 crores|